The care you need in the place you love

Home care can be the key to achieving the highest quality of life possible. It can enable safety, security, and increased independence; it can ease the management of an ongoing medical condition; it can help avoid unnecessary hospitalization; it can aid with recovery after an illness, injury, or hospital stay—all through the care given in the comfort and familiarity of home. Home care can include:

  • Help with daily activities such as dressing and bathing

  • Assistance with safely managing tasks around the house

  • Companionship

  • Therapy and rehabilitative services

  • Short- or long-term nursing care for an illness, disease, or disability—including tracheostomy and ventilator care

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Types of home care

Not all home care providers offer all the different types of home care services. This short guide will provide an overview of the different types of home care. Care is customized to your individual needs and may include services from one or more of the types described. Contacting a provider to discuss your needs can help determine what care is best for you.

While the multiple types of home care may serve different needs, they share a common goal: to enable happier, more independent living for the people receiving care, and to provide support and peace of mind for their families

Home Care

Types of Home Care

Personal Care

and companionship

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Also known as... 

Non-medical care, home health aide services, senior care, homemaker care, assistive care, or companion care

Private duty

nursing care

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Also known as... 

Home-based skilled nursing, long-term nursing care, catastrophic care, tracheostomy care, ventilator care, nursing care, shift nursing, hourly nursing, or adult nursing

Home

health care

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 Also known as... 

Medicare-certified home health care, intermittent skilled care, or visiting nurse services

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Examples of Care services

Personal Care

and companionship services may include:

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  • Assistance with self-care, such as grooming, bathing, dressing, and using the toilet

  • Enabling safety at home by assisting with ambulation, transfer (eg, from bed to wheelchair, wheelchair to toilet), and fall prevention

  • Assistance with meal planning and preparation, light housekeeping, laundry, errands, medication reminders, and escorting to appointments

  • Companionship and engaging in hobbies and activities

  • Supervision for someone with dementia or Alzheimer's disease

Private duty

nursing care services may include:

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  • Care for diseases and conditions such as Traumatic brain injury (TBI), Spinal cord injury (SCI), ALS, MS

  • Ventilator care

  • Tracheostomy care

  • Monitoring vital signs

  • Administering medications

  • Ostomy/gastrostomy care

  • Feeding tube care

  • Catheter care

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Home

health care services may include:

  • Short-term nursing services

  • Physical therapy

  • Occupational therapy

  • Speech language pathology

  • Medical social work

  • Home health aide services

How is it pay?

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Personal care and companionship does not need to be prescribed by a doctor. Care provided on an ongoing basis on a schedule that meets a client’s needs, up to 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, including possible live-in care.

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Private duty nursing care needs to be prescribed by a doctor. Care is provided primarily in shifts, up to 24 hours a day, 7 days a week.

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Home health care needs to be prescribed by a doctor. Care is provided through visits from specialized clinicians that last up to an hour, on a short-term basis until individual goals are met.